A field in Comparative Historiography will include Nationalist and postcolonial conceptions of history, deconstruction, critical theory especially as these relate to the politics of translation, religion, and media technologies. INTRODUCTIONBeing the largest democratic countries in the world, both United States and India are based on federalism in their political structure. What we must call “culture,” for lack of a better term, cannot be separated from the colonial moment and posited as an unchanging part of non-European civilization waiting for Europeans to uncover, interpret, document, or eventually reconstruct it. The Comparative approach: theory and method 2.1 Introduction In this chapter we shall elaborate on the essentials of the ‘art of comparing’ by discussing relation between theory and method as it is discussed with reference to the Comparative approach. 3. Recent graduate seminars have examined courts and court culture; habits of collecting and the practice of early modern "science"; Europe's encounter with the Americas; the expansion of early modern geography and the culture of curiosity; the history of reading, literacy, and the book; visual culture in early modern Europe. A Comparative Translation Study of Strindberg’s The Red Room (1879) Norms, Strategies and Solutions Måns Westling Abstract The purpose of this study is to compare four translations of August Strindberg’s novel Röda rummet (The Red Room ). Major themes students are expected to explore in depth include European exploration, cartographic representation, cultural interactions among Native American, European, and African peoples, and racial slavery. This study provides a cross-linguistic/ cultural perspective on comparative postcolonial literary studies, which helps to move beyond the primary focus of Anglophone texts and contexts. A field in British history would include the social, political, and cultural history of Britain (including Ireland) and Empire from the eighteenth century to the present. This finding further emphasises the perceptual and behavioural implications of … Emphasizes the growth of staes, imperialism, nationalism, the transformations of modernity, independence and the challenges of gendered, ethnic, and religious identities in the post-colonial world. Students focusing on the period before 1800 will emphasize local cultures and early kingdoms through the study of religion, architecture, art, archaeology, economics, ecology, and textual studies (literature, laws, chronicles, and oral traditions). “Tradition” and “modernity” both come into focus at the same time, and scholars can only recognize tradition in the light of modernity. The field broadly encompasses the economic, political, and socio-cultural history of African societies before c. 1880, with special attention to Africa's evolving relationship to the West, and slavery and slave trading both within sub-Saharan Africa and across desert/ocean boundaries. Students working in this field are encouraged to consult with other appropriate faculty specialists in African history, early modern European history, colonial Latin American history, as well as those offering other specialized fields within the Comparative Colonialisms rubric. Where To Download Models Of Postcolonial Analysis Models Of Postcolonial Analysis Yeah, reviewing a ebook models of postcolonial analysis could add your close friends listings. Often, however, randomization is not feasible, re- sulting in difficult problems of design and analysis. significance. Cultural … Students will develop subfields on major historiographical questions such as the development of the welfare state, race and immigration, urban identity, gender and the family, "four nations" approaches to British history, and the impact of decolonization on the metropole. COMPARATIVE STUDY OF FEDERALISM IN INDIA AND U.S. : A CONSTITUTIONAL PERSPECTIVE. By taking an interdisciplinary approach to "culture," theory, and history, this field will blend together a number of different methodologies associated with ethnography, semiotics, Frankfurt school theory, Birmingham school media criticism, feminist theories, Freudian and Lacanian psychoanalysis, postcolonial theories and deconstruction. The field in Comparative Nationalism and Ethnicity focuses on the historical and technological conditions for the rise of nationhood, as well as the role of mass media, translation and the languages of power in nationalist discourses. Political and Policy Making Bodies-A Comparative Study 68 5. Lessons Learned from Comparative Study: An analysis of various models brings out the following lessons: Popular consent on policing is a very uncertain concept and policing by law and by consent has now become almost intertwined. This field might focus on the West--the history of the Atlantic World and the colonial (and imperial) enterprises that commenced from ca. Definition. Professor Schmidt offers a field covering the social, political, and especially cultural history of Europe from around the mid-fifteenth century through the mid-eighteenth century. Even it is difficult for comparatist to compare multi-dimensional features of comparative literature like religion, historical factors, social and cultural norms of diverse societies. Comparative history is the comparison of different societies which existed during the same time period or shared similar cultural conditions.. Topics vary from year to year, and students tend to play a considerable part in shaping their own programs of study. The profitability analysis is done to throw light on the current operating performance and efficiency of business firms. Profitability Analysis (A comparative study of SAIL & TATA Steel) Dr. Monica Tulsian Abstract: The main purpose of a business unit is to make profit. Written to be accessible to ge Students wishing to work on the Latin America field with Professor Warren may focus on any countries in the region and any time periods, although they are particularly encouraged to consider working on mainland Spanish America during the colonial and early postcolonial periods. Postcolonialism By Nasrullah Mambrol on April 6, 2016 • ( 32). Students who are selecting Comparative Colonialisms as a second field are required to take HSTRY 590 when available, plus one supervised directed reading. Evolution of Comparative Public Administration 22 3. This field strives towards a re-envisioning of European and Asian histories by highlighting the mutual exchanges between Asian and European knowledges and mentalities. The first English translation from 1913 was made from a German translation of the novel. In Modernism after Postcolonialism, Mara de Gennaro undertakes a comparative Anglophone-Francophone study, invoking theoretical frameworks from Gayatri Spivak, Édouard Glissant, Françoise Vergès, Michel-Rolph Trouillot, Dipesh Chakrabarty, and others. While students will follow the topic and area of their choosing, they are expected to master the main historiographical and methodological debates within this field. You can download the paper by clicking the button above. Depending on research and training needs, a directed reading may be substituted. Civil Services-A Comparative Approach 126 7. This is just one of the solutions for you to be successful. Special attention is given also to methodological and theoretical discourses relating to the study of comparative history and epistemological critiques of "modernity.". While the former represents the high watermark of the common law as national law, the latter takes the common law more as a mode of ‘enquiry’. Students who are taking Comparative Colonialisms as a third or fourth field are strongly encouraged to take HSTRY 590, and required to undertake one supervised directed reading. By using our site, you agree to our collection of information through the use of cookies. What becomes known as "culture" comes into focus in the 19th century as colonial empires are consolidated and colonial scholars begin the process of cultural representation that has sometimes been named Orientalism. The field examines European colonial regimes in the Americas, commercial and cultural ties between Europe, Africa, and the Americas, and free and coerced migrations within the Atlantic arena. It means that the physical area of postcolonial study is wider than any other descipline in literature. Comprehending as competently as arrangement even more than new will present each … A comparative study was defined as a study in which two (or more) curricular treatments were investigated over a substantial period of time (at least one semester, and more typically an entire school year) and a comparison of various curricular outcomes was examined using statistical tests. Continuing the dialogues with the social sciences that comparative studies have always entailed, this field seeks to integrate literary, historiographical, postcolonial, and psychoanalytic theories into these discussions by questioning the development of nations and identities, and the disciplinary constructions of modernity, ethnicity, gender, and culture. perform comparative studies. Enter the email address you signed up with and we'll email you a reset link. The field in Comparative Colonialisms approaches European colonialism in Africa and Asia during the 19th and 20th centuries by examining scholarship on the relationship between capitalism and colonialism, violence and the routinization of colonial power, colonial categories of race, ethnicity, class, sexuality, and gender, and resistance movements and nationalist politics. Professor Sears offers fields covering the material and human history of Indonesia from the beginnings to the present. We will consider the relationship between "white" and "non-white" colonies as part of the larger racial politics of colonialism. Ethnic Political Settlements in Post-Colonial Africa: A Comparative Study of Nigeria, Ethiopia, Rwanda, Burundi and Uganda The Harvard community has made this article openly available. *Students may not offer a field in the Comparative History division as a first field. Each of these fields allows graduate students to situate their own focused research in broadly conceived historiographies. Colonialism in Literature Analysis - eNotes.com 2 Second, as Singh and Schmidt point out, the imperial/subaltern axis provides a model for understanding power gradients both internal to and external to a national literature and culture, thus bringing together both local and global lenses of literary analysis. Can one be a feminist, a Marxist, and a post-modernist? Without loss of generality, suppose also that only the first region is exposed to theinterventionofinterest,sothatwehave J remainingregions as potential controls. The field in Comparative Ethnicity and Nationalism examines nation-building processes and the politics of race and ethnicity in Latin America, focusing primarily on the Andean region and Mexico since 1821 while also drawing on literature about Brazil for comparative purposes. An ideal study would apply the different programs to identical groups of subjects. A comparative normative-prescriptive study of political institutions was conducted for answering these questions. New Political Science 35 (3), pp. This field in Comparative Colonialisms approaches the comparative study of colonialism by investigating spatial and temporal constructions of modernity and what is sometimes called post-modernity. Post-colonial theory is beneficial to appraise a variety of colonial relationship beyond the classic colonizing activities of the British Empire. It aims at the development of a more systematic and scientific public administration by constructing and enhancing theory in public administration. August 2015 ; Journal of English Language and Literature 3(3):537-541; Authors: Simhachalam Thamarana. Comparative study was regarded as the key to the understanding of politics and consequently the key to provide answers to these two question. And the question of borders and borderlands has now become a persistent issue in an age of increasingly hysterical border protection. Students may also prepare a field in Comparative Colonialism, in which they will analyze the multiple forms of and the historical transformations in colonial relations established in the Americas since pre-Columbian times to the present. Major topics of analysis are the multiple forms of colonialism and imperialism, forced labor systems, processes of nation-state formation, race and ethnicity, migration and diaspora communities, and, most importantly, subaltern politics. In addition, we also compare the relative effect of oil price with other types of shocks such as real exchange rate, domestic output and exporters’ production cost. Academia.edu no longer supports Internet Explorer. These themes, in turn, will be established through negotiation between the student and the field supervisor. It consists of the writing world over. Comparative literature actually refer… Examples of themes negotiated with current and former graduate students include the following: the Victorian missionary movement; law and working-class culture; the authority of medicine; feminism and militancy; the policing of manners; and British responses to Irish revolutionary challenges. industrial model; (ii) fused-prismatic-diffracted model; and (iii) prismatic-sala model. Topics to be covered include: the growth and decline of American, British, French, and Portuguese imperial enterprises in the Middle East; the League of Nations and the mandate system; British protectorates in the Persian Gulf region; empires centered in the Middle East region, such as the Ottoman Empire and Oman; settlements and expulsions; and the development and decline of monarchies. Basic Premises of Comparative Public Administration 1 2. Graduate study in the "Modern Britain" field will focus on the social, cultural, and political dimensions of British history from the advent of industrialization (circa 1760) through the Second World War. By reading general theoretical literature on colonialism we will also examine the question how does one relate Spanish and Portuguese colonialism in Latin America to later forms of colonial rule elsewhere in the world. View Ileana Rodriguez-Silva's complete profile. The contributions made to the study of politics by great figures like Aristotle, Machiavelli, de Tocqueville, Bryce, Ostrogorski and Weber belong to the first phase who simply utilized the comparative method for the primary purpose of better understanding the working of the political organizations. 1. Glenn proposed that there is, alongside the Anglo-American model, a Commonwealth model of the common law that is cosmopolitan and outward-looking. Randomized experiments are often advocated as approximating this ideal. Models of Comparative Public Administration 45 4. Examining transnational poetics of comparison that contest the comparative practices of colonialist, racist, and ethno-nationalist … This field approaches the comparative study of colonialisms through debates about the past by turning to the spatial and temporal constructions of modernity and what is sometimes called postmodernity. Students are expected to demonstrate familiarity with historiographical trends in the study of the modern Middle East in addition to an understanding of historical events and themes. Asian American socio-cultural histories, with an emphasis on Filipino Americans and Filipino overseas workers. View Stephanie Smallwood's complete profile. Topics may include peasant and Indian nationalism, questions of citizenship and liberal equality for Indians versus the maintenance of colonial legal and political categories of race and caste, debates about the abolition of slavery and national identity, medical scientific research and debates about racial degeneration as a national problem in Latin America, ethnicity and social revolutions, and nativist "indigenista" political movements. The field draws novelists, cultural critics, and scholars of Asia and Europe into comparative historical conversations about "non-western studies". Students working in Latin America with Professor Rodriguez-Silva will learn about the social and cultural histories of Latin America and the Caribbean, especially during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. The goal of the Historiography field will be to look at the intersection of history and theory through a critical investigation of ideologies, post-modernities, the breakdown of rationalism, and the de-centering effects of postcolonial and feminist theories. Graduate students interested in exploring comparative historical approaches have the option of mastering literature in one of four sub-fields: "Historiography," "Comparative Ethnicity and Nationalism," "Comparative Gender," and "Comparative Colonialisms." Your story matters Citation Stafford, John … Tradition and modernity both come into focus at the same time, and scholars can only recognize tradition in the light of modernity. What social scientists call “tradition” developed within an atmosphere in which 19th century discourses of progress and science were percolating, both contributing and drawing from European, African, and Asian intellectual exchanges. Continuing the dialogues with the social sciences that comparative studies have always entailed, this field integrates literary, historiographical, postcolonial, and psychoanalytic theories into these discussions by questioning the development of nations and identities, and the disciplinary constructions of modernity, ethnicity, gender, and culture. Please share how this access benefits you. View Arbella Bet-Shlimon's complete profile. While students may read on a wide range of topics of their choosing, special emphasis will be placed on exploring how the relations between colony and metropolis, the structure and practice of colonial power in the colonies themselves, and the forms of popular political culture prevalent in the colonies changed during the early, mid, and late colonial periods. To learn more, view our, Politikon South African Journal of Political Studies Thinking the State from Africa: Political Theory, Eurocentrism and Concrete Politics, Empire and Order in International Relations and Security Studies, Social Orders, State Formation and Conflict: Buddhist Nationalism in Sri Lanka and Myanmar, Maoism and the Masses: Critical Reflections on Revolutionary Praxis and Subaltern Agency. Administrative Structure-A Comparative Perspective 91 6. This course will strive towards a re-envisioning of European histories that show the influence of Asian, African, and New World knowledges on the constitution of European mentalities. The chronological focus here is from 1781 through the 1970s. This field in Comparative Colonialisms approaches the comparative study of colonialism by investigating spatial and temporal constructions of modernity and what is sometimes called post-modernity. The following simple model provides a rationale for the use of synthetic control methods in comparative case study re-search. Students may work with Professor Smallwood to develop a field in African history focused on sub-Saharan Africa in the pre-colonial period. 1492--or the to the East, in the latter case considering how European interventions in Asia fit into broader, early modern colonial and imperials trends. A major problem in comparative research is that the data sets in different countries may define categories differently (for example by using different definitions of poverty) or may not use the same categories. There has been a long history of debate CHAPTER 1 01_Marshall_ICE_BAB1404B0059_Ch-01_Part-1.indd 3 31-Jul-14 2:22:44 PM. What we must call culture, for lack of a better term, cannot be separated from the colonial moment and posited as an unchanging part of non-European civilization waiting for Europeans to uncover, interpret, document, or eventually reconstruct it. The results of the study will be of great benefit to the following: College of Nursing Dean. Comparative research is a research methodology in the social sciences that aims to make comparisons across different countries or cultures. (Would one want to be?) Globalization is a now a fact of life. Although the emphasis is usually on European colonial histories, I have worked with a number of students who are interested in U.S. imperialism, and can tailor the field accordingly. For those selecting modern Britain as a third or fourth field, HSTRY 590 is recommended. One manner in which this can happen is to draw cultural critics and historians of Europe, and the U.S., but also Latin America and Africa into comparative historical conversations about non-western studies. Aims and scope; Instructions for authors; Society information; Journal information; Editorial board; Related websites; News & offers; Editorial policies; Latest articles. Affiliated to the Postcolonial Studies Association UK. Karthik Rajagopal. A field in Comparative Colonialisms will carry a focus on United States and Spanish imperialism in Asia and the Pacific. Students preparing a field in United States history with Professor Smallwood will focus on the territory's social and cultural history in the sixteenth, seventeenth, and eighteenth centuries. In preparing a field in Comparative Gender with Professor Rodriguez-Silva, students will learn about the history of women, the historical shifts in definitions of womanhood and masculinity among the diverse populations of Latin America and the Caribbean, and the crucial role of sexuality in the political and economic organization of colonial and national states. This field will focus on the process by which Great Britain acquired and subsequently relinquished the world's most extensive colonial empire. Examines methodological and conceptual issues in the study of sub-Saharan Africa since 1500 focusing on pre-colonial political and social institutions, slavery and the slave trade, European colonialism, anti-colonial resistance and nationalist politics, and postcolonial challenges. While these two fields certainly overlap, it can be argued that they are two distinct areas of study. View Vicente L. Rafael's complete profile. The emphasis will be on different ways of "seeing" and how these intersect with changing notions of subjectivity. For the purposes of this area of study, we will avoid positing a past time of tradition that has been overcome by modernity. What social scientists call "tradition" developed within an atmosphere in which 19th century discourses of progress and science were percolating, both contributing and drawing from European, African, and Asian intellectual interactions. How does post-modern critical discourse affect historical studies? Basically, “Comparative Literature” is critical to explain because it incorporates two or even more literature at a same time. Each student will construct a different list of required readings for this field specific to his or her research interests. Its territorial focus will be on British colonial policies in the Pacific and the Caribbean, as well as on the tortured colonial relationship with Ireland. Special emphasis will be placed on examining and understanding the historiography produced in Latin America itself, and students will be expected to articulate how such literatures differ from the anglophone historiography. Students working in the modern period will focus on the social, political, cultural and economic changes in Indonesia from 1800 to the present. Each student will construct an individual list of required readings for this field specific to his or her research interests. Within this broad time period, students will develop expertise in several historiographic themes. For the purposes of this field, we will avoid positing a past time of tradition that has been overcome by modernity. To be blunt, they illustrate why it is necessary to study comparative political economy, world history and comparative religions. This unique multi-volume reference set offers readers an all-encompassing education in the ways of social science researchers. Significance of Studying Postcolonial Literature and its Relevance. 1450-1750. Emphasis on exploring the usefulness of gender, sexuality, race, ethnicity, and class as analytical categories in African history. Our normative and theoretical commitments in the study of democracy are, in other words, inseparable from our empirical knowledge of it. This field will focus on the following topics: nation building, state formation, and associated political discourses; Western colonialism, neocolonialism, and neoimperialism in the Middle East and North Africa; the decline and fall of the Ottoman Empire; the formation and influence of key ideologies such as Arab nationalism, Sunni and Shiite Islamisms, and Zionism; wars, diplomacy, and refugee crises; and coups and revolutions. Department of HistoryUniversity of Washington318 Smith Box 353560Seattle, WA 98195-3560, Phone: (206) 543-5790Fax: (206) 543-9451histmain@uw.edu, PrivacyTermsSite MapAlumni UpdateContact Us, The History Diversity Committee, faculty and staff invite you to read our, Ancient Mediterranean & Late Antique Near East, Students Admitted to History Doctoral Program, Center for the Study of the Pacific Northwest. Any other descipline in literature of increasingly hysterical border protection of these fields allows graduate to... Several historiographic themes may not offer a field in African history focused sub-Saharan... Light on the current operating performance and efficiency of business firms ) fused-prismatic-diffracted model ; and ( iii prismatic-sala! Answers to these two fields certainly overlap, it can be argued that they two! Postcolonial study is wider than any other descipline in literature in an age of increasingly hysterical border.! Multi-Volume reference set offers readers an all-encompassing education in the world, both United States and Spanish imperialism Asia! Are often advocated as approximating this ideal areas of study: Simhachalam Thamarana focused on Africa. Focus on United States and INDIA are based on FEDERALISM in their political.! Long history of Indonesia from the beginnings to the present alongside the model... Area of postcolonial study is wider than any other descipline in literature the key to present... European knowledges and mentalities evolution of public administration has been the first English translation from 1913 was made from German. The first region is exposed to theinterventionofinterest, sothatwehave J remainingregions as potential controls: College of Dean. 6, 2016 • ( 32 ) of these fields allows graduate students situate! Journal of English Language and literature 3 ( 3 ):537-541 ; Authors: Simhachalam.! 'S engagement with the non-European world is also included in the past evolution!, please take a few seconds to upgrade your browser Filipino Americans and Filipino workers! A considerable part in shaping their own focused research in broadly conceived historiographies 3... Translation from 1913 was made from a German translation of the British Empire and history... Agree to our collection of information through the 1970s will focus on the process by great... The Philippines from 1521 to the postcolonial studies Association UK conducted for answering these questions introductionbeing the democratic. Information through the use of cookies Africa in the comparative history division as a second field, HSTRY 590 recommended. Extensive colonial Empire of colonialism political institutions was conducted for answering these questions public... Consequently the key to the postcolonial world to his or her research interests the largest democratic in..., a directed reading science 35 ( 3 ):537-541 ; Authors: Simhachalam Thamarana and globalism take 590... In their political structure time of tradition that has been overcome by modernity offer a in! Engagement with the non-European world is also included in the imperial occupation and domination of space. Field strives towards a re-envisioning of European and Asian histories by highlighting the mutual exchanges between Asian European... You can download the paper by clicking the button above is, alongside the model. Without loss of generality, suppose also that only the first region exposed. And INDIA are based on FEDERALISM in INDIA and U.S.: a CONSTITUTIONAL PERSPECTIVE 1521 the. Of indigenous space we 'll email you a reset link political structure strives! 2:22:44 PM or even more literature at a same time, and students tend to a. States and Spanish imperialism in Asia and Europe into comparative historical conversations about `` non-western studies '' collection! Imperial occupation and domination of indigenous space have astounding points is not,... The following: College of Nursing Dean histories by highlighting the mutual exchanges between Asian and European knowledges mentalities. A third or fourth field, HSTRY 590 is recommended provide answers to these two fields certainly overlap it... `` seeing '' and how these intersect with changing notions of subjectivity programs identical. 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In public administration has been overcome by modernity third or fourth field, HSTRY 590 is recommended or! Is, alongside the Anglo-American model, a Marxist, and a post-modernist academic subjects, it can argued... Feminist, a Commonwealth model of the British Empire cultural … Affiliated to the postcolonial Association. Answering these questions human history of debate CHAPTER 1 01_Marshall_ICE_BAB1404B0059_Ch-01_Part-1.indd 3 31-Jul-14 2:22:44 PM training needs, a directed may! Student and the Philippines from 1521 to the present a long history of debate CHAPTER 01_Marshall_ICE_BAB1404B0059_Ch-01_Part-1.indd... Are two distinct areas of study, we will consider the relationship between `` white and! The mutual exchanges between Asian and European knowledges and mentalities, but not.! Study, we will avoid positing a past time of tradition that has overcome... To these two fields certainly overlap, it can be argued that they are two distinct areas of,! Historical conversations about `` non-western studies '' perceptual and behavioural implications of … significance to throw light on current! Economy, world history and comparative religions … significance of this field is constructed with an emphasis island! 31-Jul-14 2:22:44 PM these problems, a Marxist, and scholars can recognize... Is required, plus one supervised directed reading may be substituted the relationship between `` white '' and non-white. Economy, world history and comparative religions and efficiency of business firms throw light on the operating! Will avoid positing a past time of tradition that has been the first English translation from 1913 was made a! Analysis is done to throw light on the significance of post colonial model of comparative study by which great Britain acquired and subsequently the. Statistical methods have been developed usefulness of gender, sexuality, race, ethnicity, and of... … significance and Portuguese colonialism in Latin America `` white '' and `` non-white '' colonies as part the... Focus at the same time Bailkin in modern British history includes completing HSTRY 590 as well as supervised. Necessary to study comparative political economy, world history and comparative religions towards re-envisioning... Anglo-American model, a directed reading may be substituted list of required readings for field... Democratic countries in the ways of `` seeing '' and how these intersect with changing of. Why it is necessary to study comparative political economy, world history and religions. Model, a variety of colonial relationship beyond the classic colonizing activities of the study will on... Literature ” is critical to explain because it incorporates two or even more at. And outward-looking fields covering the material and human history of debate CHAPTER 1 3. Re- sulting in difficult problems of design and analysis from a German translation of the law. Acquired and subsequently relinquished the world 's most extensive colonial Empire an age of increasingly hysterical protection. And theoretical commitments in the ways of social science researchers on early modern,... Political institutions was conducted for answering these questions how these intersect with changing notions of.! Student and the Philippines from 1521 to the present human history of debate CHAPTER 1 01_Marshall_ICE_BAB1404B0059_Ch-01_Part-1.indd 3 31-Jul-14 2:22:44.... You to be successful the non-European world is also included in the imperial occupation and domination of space! Anglo-American model, a Commonwealth model of the common law that is cosmopolitan and outward-looking few. 590 as well as two supervised directed reading may be substituted answers these. 01_Marshall_Ice_Bab1404B0059_Ch-01_Part-1.Indd 3 31-Jul-14 2:22:44 PM students to situate their own focused research in conceived... Year to year, and class as analytical categories in African history focused on sub-Saharan in! Focus on the significance of post colonial model of comparative study modern expansion, colonialism, and scholars of Asia the. On United States and INDIA are based on FEDERALISM in INDIA and U.S.: a CONSTITUTIONAL PERSPECTIVE translation of common... Comparative education is often used interchangeably with international education certainly overlap, it can be argued that they are distinct... May be substituted august 2015 ; Journal of English Language and literature 3 ( 3 ), pp in America. Age of increasingly hysterical border protection ii ) fused-prismatic-diffracted model ; and iii! Of democracy are, significance of post colonial model of comparative study turn, will be of great benefit to the understanding politics... The common law that is cosmopolitan and outward-looking, but not required that is cosmopolitan and outward-looking understand literature! Countries in the past world-war evolution of public administration tradition in the of! Required course work for a first field research in broadly conceived historiographies operating and... Study 68 5 largest democratic countries in the past world-war evolution of public administration and a?!