Read : 1005. Far from a condemnation of the Assumption, this reveals just how widespread this teaching truly was. Let us examine the facts: 1. O’Carroll continues: Some years later, M. Haibach-Reinisch added to the dossier an early version of Pseudo-Melito, the most influential text in use in the Latin Church. V. Arras claimed to have found an Ethiopian version of it which he published in 1973; its similarity to the Irish text gave the latter new status. AD 350. James White, on page 54 of his book, Mary – Another Redeemer? This great bishop and defender of orthodoxy may give us key insights into the antiquity of the Assumption, writing in ca. In summary, the doctrine of the Assumption of Mary began with an historical event that is alluded to in Scripture and has been believed in the Church for 2,000 years. As revered as Mary was, this would be very strange, except for the fact of the assumption of her body. Her womb became a temple, and by God’s kindness and an awesome mystery, was prepared to be a dwelling place of the Lord’s human nature. . Sacrificing our children to Moloch . Because a work is declared apocryphal or even condemned does not mean that there is no truth at all to be found in it. Since the time of the promulgation of the dogma of the Assumptioon of Mary, there has been much new discovery. 2. One of these titles declared to be “apocryphal” is referred to as: “Liber qui appellatur  ‘Transitus, id est Assumptio sanctae Mariae,’” which translates as “A book which is called, ‘Having been taken up, that is, the Assumption of Holy Mary.’”. "This book will probably be the most difficult piece of reading you will ever read because in this book I demonstrate with overwhelming proof that Christianity is the great lie foretold in The Bible . She was counted worthy to bear the king of all in her own womb, the heavenly God, the Son of God. . The document does not make such an assertion. But what is inexplicable apart from the Assumption is the fact that there is no body in either tomb. In fact, it appears they were teaching Mary never died at all. The beginning of the gospel (13.6) has parallels to the Gospel of Luke but in abbreviated form. Tim Staples is Director of Apologetics and Evangelization here at Catholic Answers, but he was not always Catholic. Yet, never was there a single relic of Mary’s body? log ratio; Athenaeus of Naucratis; Deipnosophistae: 6 0.2 The text shows … In his classic Panarion (“bread box”) or Refutation of All Heresies, he includes eighty-eight sections dealing with scores of the most dangerous heresies of his day. And nowhere was a woman a priest. But he never says the same about the Assumption itself. . The whole story will eventually be placed earlier, probably in the second century. WikiZero Özgür Ansiklopedi - Wikipedia Okumanın En Kolay Yolu Even so, it is not as though there is no written evidence to support the Assumption either. St. Epiphanius condemns this in the strongest of terms: For I have heard in turn that others who are out of their minds on this subject of this holy Ever-virgin, have done their best and are doing their best, in the grip both of madness and of folly, to substitute her for God. The most obvious reason would be that when Gnostics, who were some of the main enemies of the Faith in the early centuries of the Christian era, agreed with the Church on the matter, there would have been no need to defend the teaching. But I shall go to the New Testament. This would be something akin to the Church’s rejection of The Assumption of Moses and The Book of Enoch as apocryphal works. According to The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Faith (p. 462), it was probably written in the sixth century (Pope Gelasius died in the late fifth century) in Italy or Gaul and was most likely not a papal work at all. 3. .without doubt the Holy Spirit also is to be adored, since He Who according to the flesh was born of the Holy Spirit is adored. 2.There is real question among scholars today as to whether what is popularly called the Dectretum Gelasianum was actually written by Pope Gelasius. But it did not. That did not seem to be in doubt. In 1955, Fr. | R. Jared Staudt, PhD, The Lost Riches of Catholic Catechisms with Aaron Seng of Tradivox, The Catholic Faith in Public Life After the 2020 Election with Derek Rotty. Evidently, there was disagreement in the circulating stories of the Assumption of Mary as to whether she was taken up alive or after having died. Daniel Whedon was born in 1808 in Onondaga, N.Y. Dr. Whedon was well qualified as a commentator. That’s all. . I believe St. Epiphanius’ work needs to be re-examined when it comes to the Assumption of Mary. What is interesting here is that in the midst of condemning the Collyridians, St. Epiphanius gives us, in section 79 of Panarion,a point-blank statement that is very-much overlooked today by many: Like the bodies of the saints, however, she has been held in honor for her character and understanding. Much of early Christian literature was apologetic in nature. Indeed, the Church even to this day has not decided definitively the matter of whether Mary died or not, though at the level of the Ordinary Magisterium it does teach that Mary died—for example, in Pope Pius XII’s Munificentissimus Deus, 17, 20, 21, 29, 35, 39, and 40. This banner text can have markup.. web; books; video; audio; software; images; Toggle navigation For they say that certain Thracian women there in Arabia have introduced this nonsense, and that they bake a loaf in the name of the Ever-virgin, gather together, and attempt an excess and undertake a forbidden, blasphemous act in the holy Virgin’s name, and offer sacrifice in her name with women officiants. According to The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Faith, p. 462, it was probably written in the sixth century (Pope Gelasius died in the late fifth century) in Italy or Gaul and was most likely not a Papal work at all. I've read that the first mention of Mary's assumption from a church fatger was from Gregory of Tours (590) and that it was taken from the pseudo gopsel 'Transitus Beatae Mariae' 5:45 PM, … The fact that these works are apocryphal does not preclude St. Jude (9; 14) from quoting both of them in Sacred Scripture. Editions by Text Group (207) * indicates part of the core corpus. goes so far as to claim: Basically, the first appearance of the idea of the Bodily Assumption of Mary is found in a source that was condemned by the then-bishop of Rome, Gelasius I! Translated by Frank Williams. But I believe it is really exciting that new historical discoveries continue to be made and once again… and again… and again, confirm the Faith of our Fathers. What about the first two? O’Carroll (Theotokos, 388), we now have what some believe to be a fourth-century homily on the prophet Simeon and the Blessed Virgin Mary by Timothy, a priest of Jerusalem, which asserts Mary is “immortal to the present time through him who had his abode in her and who assumed and raised her above the higher regions.” Evidently, there was disagreement in the circulating stories of the Assumption of Mary as to whether she was taken up alive or after having died. La ĉi-suba teksto estas aŭtomata traduko de la artikolo Early centers of Christianity article en la angla Vikipedio, farita per la sistemo GramTrans on 2017-07-23 22:42:58. But in sections 78 and 79, he deals with one particular sect comprised mainly of women called the “Collyridians.” Evidently, this sect was “ordaining” women as “priestesses” and adoring Mary as a goddess by offering sacrifice to her. He then studied theology on a graduate level at Mount St. Mary’s Seminary in Emmitsburg, Maryland, for two years. . For what page, or what passage is there … The whole story will eventually be placed earlier, probably in the second century. The Collyridians were a small group of women in Arabia who, according to one contemporary source, worshiped Mary as a goddess and offered her cakes as a form of worship. Her womb became a temple, and by God’s kindness and an awesome mystery, was prepared to be a dwelling place of the Lord’s human nature. The most obvious reason would be that when Gnostics, who were some of the main enemies of the Faith in the early centuries of the Christian era, agreed with the Church on the matter, there would have been no need to defend the teaching. O’Carroll (Theotokos, 388), we now have what some believe to be a fourth-century homily on the prophet Simeon and the Blessed Virgin Mary by Timothy, a priest of Jerusalem, which asserts Mary is “immortal to the present time through him who had his abode in her and who assumed and raised her above the higher regions.”. But it did not. In the same year M. Van Esbroeck brought out a Gregorian version, which he had located in Tiflis, and another, a Pseudo-Basil, in the following year, found in Mount Athos. Cities, and later, religious orders, would fight over the bones of great saints. Tim was raised a Southern Baptist. It was the promulgation of the dogma of the Assumption by Pope Pius XII that re-kindled interest in these stories of the end of Mary’s life. 3 Marcion’s versions are quotations from Epiphanius, Panarion, 1.2.42. 9 Epiphianus of Salamis, Panarion, Section 79 There is no reason to think that they saw Mary as part of a Triad or Trinity, nor that they … So we have filled in our third blank. What is interesting here is that in the midst of condemning the Collyridians, St. Epiphanius gives us, in section 79 of Panarion, a point-blank statement that is overlooked today by many: Like the bodies of the saints, however, she has been held in honor for her character and understanding. And there are undoubtedly more manuscripts to be found. We don’t find works from the earliest Fathers on Jesus’ celibacy either, but that too was most likely due to the universal agreement on the topic. The Joy of Festivity is Not the Same as the Despair of Partying. The Panarion of Epiphanius of Salamis, Books II and III (Sects 47-80), De Fide). But perhaps he means, God the Father. Se vi volas enigi tiun artikolon en la originalan Esperanto-Vikipedion, vi povas uzi … This would be something akin to the Church’s rejection of The Assumption of Moses and The Book of Enoch as apocryphal works. Section VI, Verses 1,1 and 1,3. Though it is not necessary for there to be written evidence all the way back to the second-century for us as Catholics because we have Sacred Tradition and Sacred Scripture as interpreted by the Magisterium of the Church first and foremost that has already given us the truth of the Matter. This is one reason why we have relics of the apostles and so many of the greatest saints and martyrs in history. As revered as Mary was, this would be very strange, except for the fact of the assumption of her body. And there are no relics. What is interesting here is that in the midst of condemning the Collyridians, St. Epiphanius gives us, in section 79 of Panarion, a point-blank statement that is overlooked today by many: Like the bodies of the saints, however, she has been held in honor for her character and understanding. For they say that certain Thracian women there in Arabia have introduced this nonsense, and that they bake a loaf in the name of the Ever-virgin, gather together, and attempt an excess and undertake a forbidden, blasphemous act in the holy Virgin’s name, and offer sacrifice in her name with women officiants. I thought a great topic for discussion is are images permitted for use in worship like icons of Eastern Orthodoxy or as mere artwork for decoration, or are they forbidden altogether? What is interesting here is that in the midst of condemning the Collyridians, St. Epiphanius gives us, in section 79 of Panarion, a point-blank statement that is overlooked today by many: Like the bodies of the saints, however, she has been held in honor for her character and understanding. In fact, it was falsely attributed to several different popes over the years. work count freq. This troika seems a bit wobbly; can it really be that case that God = first blank + second blank + God? We now have written evidence of the Assumption of Mary as far back as the third century. In his classic Panarion (“breadbox”) or Refutation of All Heresies, he includes eighty-eight sections dealing with scores of the most dangerous heresies of his day. White evidently thought this document condemned as untrue the doctrine of the Assumption of Mary. 3.If the teaching of the Assumption had genuinely been condemned by the Pope, great saints and defenders of orthodoxy like St. Gregory and later St. John Damascene would not have taught it. This would be in keeping with John of Thessalonica, Timothy of Jerusalem, and others who taught this among Christians. Format : PDF, Kindle. In early Christian heresiology, the Panarion (Koinē Greek: Πανάριον, Medicine Chest [for Remedies]), to which 16th-century Latin translations gave the name Adversus Haereses (Latin: "Against Heresies"), is the most important of the works of Epiphanius of Salamis (d. 403). A.A. Wenger published L’Assomption. It was passed down in the Oral Tradition of the Church and developed over the centuries, but it was always believed by the Catholic faithful. Because there were whole families of manuscripts from different areas of the world in the sixth century that told a similar story of Mary’s Assumption, there had to be previous manuscripts from which everyone received their data. Fr. The Syriac fragments have increased importance, being put as far back as the third century by one commentator. (Sura 5:76-79). This great bishop and defender of orthodoxy may give us key insights into the antiquity of the Assumption, writing in ca. She was counted worthy to bear the king of all in her own womb, the heavenly God, the Son of God. Let us examine the facts: 1. In those rebukes, however, we can see what the author of the Quran thought Christians believed versus what they actually believed. What about those who claim the Assumption of Mary is nothing more than a Gnostic fable? I got this question on the name of God… Dear Glenn. That did not seem to be in doubt. log ratio; Plutarch; unknown: 1 1.0 unknown But he never says the same about the Assumption itself. But whether or not she was assumed was not in question. . The Gospel of Thomas (also known as the Coptic Gospel of Thomas) is a non-canonical sayings gospel.It was discovered near Nag Hammadi, Egypt, in December 1945 among a group of books known as the Nag Hammadi library.Scholars speculate that the works were buried in response to a letter from Bishop Athanasius … Far from a condemnation of the Assumption, this reveals just how widespread this teaching truly was. It was passed down in the oral tradition of the Church and developed over the centuries, but it was always believed by the Catholic faithful. Because there were whole families of manuscripts from different areas of the world in the sixth century that told a similar story of Mary’s Assumption, there had to be previous manuscripts from which everyone received their data. Archaeology reveals two tombs of Mary that still exist today, one in Jerusalem and one in Ephesus. 2. Indeed, it seeks to rebuke Christians for believing in the Trinity. 4 A brief summary can be found in Hermann Detering’s article “The Dutch Radical Approach to the Pauline Epistles” (JHC 5/2 [fall 1996], 163-193), starting Wenger discovered one of these earlier manuscripts, believed to be the source later used by John of Thessalonica in the sixth century in his teaching on the Assumption. (p. 54). In his classic Panarion (“breadbox”) or Refutation of All Heresies, he includes eighty-eight sections dealing with scores of the most dangerous heresies of his day. For it was variously observed by people..." (Epiphanius. Isaiah 1 14 Y our appointed festivals (Sunday, Easter, Christmas, etc. These women who were adoring Mary as if she were a goddess would no doubt have been well acquainted with the “Transitus Stories” and would have been teaching Mary’s Assumption. I believe St. Epiphanius’s work needs to be reexamined when it comes to the Assumption of Mary. As a matter of history, this document does not condemn any doctrines in the books it lists at all; it declares the books themselves to be apocryphal and therefore not part of the canon of Scripture. And nowhere was a woman a priest. Mr. White’s reasoning fails for several reasons. This is entirely impious, unlawful, and different from the Holy Spirit’s message, and is thus pure devil’s work . a post on the biblical evidence for the Assumption of Mary. The irony is striking: what was defined by the bishop of Rome as heresy at the end of the fifth century becomes dogma itself in the middle of the twentieth! One of these titles declared to be “apocryphal” is referred to as: “Liber qui appellatur Transitus, id est Assumptio sanctae Mariae,” which translates as “A book which is called, ‘Having been taken up, that is, the Assumption of Holy Mary.’” White evidently thought this document condemns as untrue the doctrine of the Assumption of Mary. Fr. ". It gives us a rather long list of titles of apocryphal books after having listed the accepted books of the Bible. The Quran obviously does not affirm any concept of the Trinity. Just like the New Testament, it mostly dealt with problem areas in the Church that needed to be addressed. Or those who claim the historical narratives about the Assumption of Mary were condemned by Pope Gelasius I? If it were ordained by God that women should be priests or have any canonical function in the Church, Mary herself, if anyone, should have functioned as a priest in the New Testament. In the same year M. Van Esbroeck brought out a Gregorian version, which he had located in Tiflis, and another, a Pseudo-Basil, in the following year, found in Mount Athos. This could now, it was clear, be dated earlier than the sixth century. Images, and weither they should be used in The Church is a matter of great debate. Fr. Fr. Much still remains to be explored. O’Carroll continues: Some years later, M. Haibach-Reinisch added to the dossier an early version of Pseudo-Melito, the most influential text in use in the Latin Church. That’s all. And we certainly would not see the Assumption celebrated in the Liturgy as we do as early as the fifth century in Palestine, Gaul in the sixth, universally in the East in the seventh century, and in the West in the eighth century. Even if it were a papal document, Decretum Gelasianum would not be a “definition” by the bishop of Rome declaring the Assumption of Mary to be heresy, as White claims. But I shall go to the New Testament. Download : 160. The Messiah, Jesus, the … Though it is not necessary for there to be written evidence all the way back to the second century for us as Catholics because we have Sacred Tradition and Sacred Scripture as interpreted by the Magisterium of the Church first and foremost that has already given us the truth of the Matter, I believe it is really exciting that new historical discoveries continue to be made and once again . and again . If you enjoyed this, and you would like to learn more, click here. A Sunday date was selected, instead of Nisan 14 (which can fall on any day of the week). He will elsewhere clarify the fact that he is not certain, and no one is, at least not definitively so, about whether or not she died. In sections 78 and 79, he deals with one particular sect comprised mainly of women called the “Collyridians.” Evidently, this sect was “ordaining” women as “priestesses” and adoring Mary as a goddess by offering sacrifice to her. And if I should say anything more in her praise, she is like Elijah, who was virgin from his mother’s womb, always remained so, and was taken up, but has not seen death. Further, we would have found other writers condemning this teaching as it became more and more popular throughout the world. I'm a Christian and some time ago I was looking on a website about God's name YHWH in Hebrew and it said that in Greek it was written as Iao which means Iota alpha omega. We now have written evidence of belief in the Assumption of Mary as far back as the third century. You will be tempted to shut down, stop Michael O’Carroll, in his book, Theotokos – A Theological Encyclopedia of the Blessed Virgin Mary, pg. Much of early Christian literature was apologetic in nature. St. Epiphanius condemns this in the strongest of terms: For I have heard in turn that others who are out of their minds on this subject of this holy Ever-virgin, have done their best and are doing their best, in the grip both of madness and of folly, to substitute her for God. . He will elsewhere clarify the fact that he is not certain, and no one is, at least not definitively so, about whether or not she died. James White, in his book Mary—Another Redeemer?, goes so far as to claim: Basically, the first appearance of the idea of the Bodily Assumption of Mary is found in a source that was condemned by the then-bishop of Rome, Gelasius I! The Syriac fragments have increased importance, being put as far back as the third century by one commentator. All rights reserved. The police are investigating alleged offences under section 79 of the Crimes Act. This is significant. Eventualaj ŝanĝoj en la angla originalo estos kaptitaj per regulaj retradukoj. It costs approximately $1,000 per year to maintain these sites and hundreds of hours of labor. But it was not God’s pleasure that she be a priest. St. Epiphanius clearly indicates his personal agreement with the idea that Mary was assumed into heaven without ever having died. He is well known for his monumental heresiology, the Panarion. In sections 78 and 79, he deals with one particular sect comprised mainly of women called the “Collyridians.” . And we certainly would not see the Assumption celebrated in the liturgy as we do as early as the fifth century in Palestine, Gaul in the sixth, universally in the East in the seventh century, and in the West in the eighth century. Recently discovered Syriac fragments of stories about the Assumption of Mary have been dated as early as the third century. Indeed, the Church even to this day has not decided the matter of whether Mary died or not definitively, though she does teach Mary to have died at the level of the Ordinary Magisterium, for example, in Pope Pius XII’s Munificentissimus Deus, 17, 20, 21, 29, 35, 39, and 40. However, these women were taking Mary and the Assumption to the extreme by worshiping her. This is one reason why we have relics of the apostles and so many of the greatest saints and martyrs in history. and again, they confirm the Faith of our Fathers. God = God! The doctrine of the Assumption of Mary began with a historical event to which Scripture alludes and that been believed in the Church for 2,000 years. For example, the Quran1 says:\"O People of the Scripture, do not commit excess in your religion or say about Allah except the truth. all Babylonian Rituals) I hate with all My being.. Deuteronomy 12:31 You must not worship Yahuah your God in their (Babylonian) way, because in worshiping their (Babylonian Trinity) gods, they do all kinds of detestable things … And there are no relics. But for such as hasten forward to the perfection of holy living, there are the precepts of the holy Fathers, the observance whereof leadeth a man to the height of perfection. If you enjoyed this and you would like to learn more, and having written a post on the biblical evidence for the Assumption of Mary this time last year, How Can Beauty & Culture Save the World? If you enjoyed this and you would like to learn more, click here. Although he fell away from the faith of his childhood, Tim came back to faith in Christ during his late teen years through the witness of Christian televangelists. Indeed, and Fr. What is interesting here is that in the midst of condemning the Collyridians, St. Epiphanius gives us, in section 79 of Panarion,a point-blank statement that is very-much overlooked today by many: Like the bodies of the saints, however, she has been held in honor for her character and understanding. It was written in Koine Greek beginning in 374 or … Justin Martyr, who was martyred in the 160s, used this text in his composition Dialogue With Trypho, chapter 103.Commenting on Psalm 22, verse 14, he wrote, “In the memoirs which, I say, were drawn up by His apostles and those who followed them, it is recorded that His sweat fell down like drops of blood while He … Arras claimed to have found an Ethiopian version of it which he published in 1973; its similarity to the Irish text gave the latter new status. If the pope had genuinely condemned the teaching of the Assumption, great saints and defenders of orthodoxy such as St. Gregory and later St. John Damascene would not have taught it. There is a real question among scholars today as to whether Pope Gelasius wrote what is popularly called the Dectretum Gelasianum. On the historical front, Fr. File Size : 79.81 MB. It was the promulgation of the dogma of the Assumption by Pope Pius XII that rekindled interest in these stories of the end of Mary’s life. Even if it were a Papal document, Decretum Gelasianum would not be a “definition” by the bishop of Rome declaring the Assumption of Mary to be heresy, as White claims. . A Catholic on Facebook told me that Epiphanius believed in the assumption of Mary by comparing Mary to Elijah (section 79) who was taken up. What is interesting here is that in the midst of condemning the Collyridians, St. Epiphanius gives us, in section 79 of Panarion,a point-blank statement that is very-much overlooked today by many: Like the bodies of the saints, however, she has been held in honor for her character and understanding. Since the time of the promulgation of the dogma of the Assumption of Mary, there has been much new discovery. January 6 is the traditional date celebrating Christ’s Epiphany (e)pifa/neia, “appearing upon [earth]”).By the third century, the Eastern Church celebrated the birth of Jesus on this date. We now have. Since the time of the promulgation of the dogma of the Assumptioon of Mary, there has been much new discovery. Dear Believer: I have been promoting Messiah on the web since soon after Al Gore invented it. Because Epiphanius said that it was "not wholly complete, but falsified and mutilated", writers such as Walter Richard Cassels and Pierson Parker consider it a different "edition" of Matthew's Hebrew Gospel; however, internal evidence from the quotations in Panarion 30.13.4 and 30.13.7 suggest that the text was a gospel … The three quotations by Epiphanius in Panarion 30.13.6, 4, and 7, respectively, form the opening of the gospel narrative, including the mission of John the Baptist, his appearance and diet, and the baptism of Jesus by John. And there are undoubtedly more manuscripts to be found. According to Fr. And so the third of Three is God, known in Arabic as 'Allah.' Dating back to World War I, this legislation outlaws not just “communicating,” but also “receiving,” information that “prejudices the security or defence” of Australia. It must be remembered that when we are talking about these “Transitus stories,” we are not only talking about very ancient manuscripts and fragments of manuscripts, but we are talking about two different “families” of manuscripts written in nine languages. Mr. White’s reasoning fails for several reasons. The two tombs are explained by the fact that Mary had lived in both places. By comparing her to Elijah he indicates that she was taken up bodily just as the Church continues to teach 1,600 years later. The document does not make such an assertion. Anyone who would peruse early Church history knows that Christian belief in the communion of saints and the sanctity of the body—in radical contrast to the Gnostic disdain for “the flesh”—led early Christians to seek out with the greatest fervor relics from the bodies of great saints. In fact, it was falsely attributed to several different Popes over the years. It gives us a rather long list of titles of apocryphal books after having listed the accepted books of the Bible. The Life of Our Most Holy Father St. Benedict. By comparing her to Elijah, he indicates that she was taken up bodily, just as the Church continues to teach 1,600 years later. But it was not God’s pleasure that she be a priest. As we approach the great Feast of the Assumption of Mary, and having written a post on the biblical evidence for the Assumption of Mary this time last year, I thought I would change gears and consider the historical evidence for the Assumption in honor of this year’s Feast Day. A.A. Wenger published L’Assomption (p. 59). In other words, there is no record of anyone disagreeing on the matter. They help good Catholics become better Catholics, bring former Catholics “home,” and lead non-Catholics into the fullness of the faith. But whether or not she was assumed was not in question. This could now, it was clear, be dated earlier than the sixth century…V. 59, says: We have known for some time that there were wide-spread “Transitus Stories” that date from the sixth century that teach Mary’s glorious Assumption. Luke 2, Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary focuses on the Greek text, using an abundance of sources and authors to illustrate meaning This is entirely impious, unlawful, and different from the Holy Spirit’s message, and is thus pure devil’s work . Soon after, Tim joined the Marine Corps. He converted to Catholicism in 1988 and spent the following six years in formation for the priesthood, earning a degree in philosophy from St. Charles Borromeo Seminary in Overbrook, Pennsylvania. 1. Because a work is declared apocryphal or even condemned does not mean that there is no truth at all to be found in it. Cities, and, later, religious orders, would fight over the bones of great saints. According to Fr. Recently discovered Syriac fragments of stories about the Assumption of Mary have been dated as early as the third century. Yet that practice continued in many parts of the East, and in the time of Epiphanius, about a.d. 400, there were many, Quartodecimanians, who, as he says, were orthodox, indeed, in doctrine, but in ritual were addicted to Jewish fables, and built upon the principle: “Cursed is every one who does not keep his passover on the …